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Shortest distance between a point and a line segment

I need a basic function to find the shortest distance between a point and a line segment. Feel free to write the solution in any language you want; I can translate it into what I’m using (Javascript).

EDIT: My line segment is defined by two endpoints. So my line segment AB is defined by the two points A (x1,y1) and B (x2,y2). I’m trying to find the distance between this line segment and a point C (x3,y3). My geometry skills are rusty, so the examples I’ve seen are confusing, I’m sorry to admit.

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