How does @synchronized lock/unlock in Objective-C?

Does @synchronized not use “lock” and “unlock” to achieve mutual exclusion? How does it do lock/unlock then?

The output of the following program is only “Hello World”.

@interface MyLock: NSLock<NSLocking>
@end

@implementation MyLock

- (id)init {
    return [super init];
}

- (void)lock {
    NSLog(@"before lock");
    [super lock];
    NSLog(@"after lock");
}

- (void)unlock {
    NSLog(@"before unlock");
    [super unlock];
    NSLog(@"after unlock");
}

@end


int main (int argc, const char * argv[]) {
    NSAutoreleasePool * pool = [[NSAutoreleasePool alloc] init];

    MyLock *lock = [[MyLock new] autorelease];
    @synchronized(lock) {
        NSLog(@"Hello World");
    }

    [pool drain];
}

How does @synchronized lock/unlock in Objective-C?