Online Content Analysis 101: How to Do a Content Audit

When many companies talk about their “content strategy,” they’re really just talking about further content creation.

They’re thinking about what they need to do next — not what they’ve done before. At best, they might – might – monitor the performance of content for insights about what their editorial calendar should include in the months to come.

However, the best online marketers know it’s important to look back at past content AND make adjustments to older pieces in order to improve results.

By conducting an online content analysis or a content audit, we’re not just trying to create new posts—we’re retroactively making old posts even better.

What Is a Content Audit in Online Content Analysis?

A content audit is the process of tracking all of your site’s past content, organizing it, and making improvements to optimize it where necessary.

It’s also fast becoming one of the most powerful ways companies can quickly improve their websites’ traffic.

Think of it like pruning a rose bush. As the years go by, some parts of the bush become healthy and robust. Others become sickly. If you don’t prune away those ailing areas, the problem threatens to spread and put an end to the bush’s purpose: creating beautiful roses.

The folks at Method and Metric summarize well:

Quote: "A content audit is a huge opportunity to improve your content marketing process. It’s an opportunity to look under the hood of your website for weaknesses and improvements and give yourself a plan to take actionable steps to improve your content return on investment (ROI). "

Over the years, some of your content works
better than others. That’s why you need to conduct content audits. It’s
important that you separate the content you still want on your site from the
kind that is holding it back.

Your site’s content can be broken down by:

“The Good”, which is your:

  • Most traffic-generating content
  • Most high-converting content
  • Most linked content
  • Most shared content
Use BuzzSumo to find most shared content for any domain or topic
How to find most shared content for audit with BuzzSumo screenshot

“The Bad”:

  • Content that generates
    below-average results

And “The Ugly”:

  • Content that produces no ROI at
    all

These three categories each need to be
addressed through a thorough online content analysis – or content audit.

4 Steps for a Successful Content Audit

Your first content audit will probably be
quite time-consuming, even though it only involves four steps. Still, audits
get easier each time and the results are always worth it.

1. Get Clear About What You Want from Your Content

As we touched on above, there are three
main metrics you can hope to hit with your content:

  • Traffic
  • Backlinks
  • Social Shares
  • Conversions

Each of your webpages should contribute to
at least one of these KPIs. Those that don’t are the ones that fall into “The
Ugly.”

The only exception would be mandatory pages
like “About Us”, “Contact Us”, etc. They may have room for improvement, but
they’re not the main focus of this kind of widespread content analysis.

2. Organize Your Content

Alright, roll up your sleeves, because this
is where the heavy-lifting starts.

To begin, find all of your websites’ pages. You might be able to easily pull these from your backend or your sitemap.

Otherwise, you’ll need to do a Google search
of your entire site. This is what you’d enter into Google to do one for our
site:

“site:BuzzSumo.com”

Google will then return every single page that exists for your website.

Example of google search for site content to audit screenshot

Once you have your webpages, create an
Excel sheet with the following columns:

  • URL
  • Page Title
  • Page Type
    (e.g. webpage, blog, landing page, etc.)
  • Metrics:
    • Monthly Traffic
    • Backlinks
    • Shares
    • Conversions

Again, this step could take a while, but when
you’re done, you’ll have a very valuable database you can use again and again
in the future.

3. Measure Your Content’s Success

The next step to this in-depth online
content analysis is to actually measure how well each of your pages is doing.

So, go through and see where your conversions have come from over the past year.

Using BuzzSumo, you can quickly find which pages have gained traction on social media.

BuzzSumo or various other platforms can help you to find backlinks to your content.

Use Google Analytics to find the traffic your individual URL’s receive. We like the Behavior > Site Content > Landing pages report for this task.

Google Analytics for Landing Page identification content audit screenshot

When that’s done, get the average for each metric. Fortunately, finding the average in Excel is extremely easy.

All pages that show above average results
for any of those metrics go in “The
Good” category.

Those that show below-average results are
“The Bad.”

Any that have zeroes across the board is “The Ugly.”

4. Improve Your Content

Finally, we arrive at the point of this
kind of online content analysis: improving the pages that need it.

For now, leave “The Good” alone. Unless you
know that some of the information has become outdated, this category doesn’t
require any attention.

The majority of your time will be spent on
“The Bad.” This category has shown promise, so look for ways it could do
better.

For example, if the page was built for traffic and is below average, you could add another keyword-rich section and some outbound links. You could also link to it from one of your own better-performing pages. Any of these changes will help your “Bad” pages do better and, thus, your site as a whole.

What about “The Ugly?”

Simple.

You delete them.

There are no such things as neutral pages
on your website. They’re either helping your site or holding it back. The more
you’re able to show high-value pages to Google, the better it’s going to rank
and the more traffic you’ll generate and convert.

Audit Your Content at Least Once a Year

As Robert Rose once put it:

“When taking a content-first approach, our
job as marketers is not to create more content … it’s to create the minimum
amount of content with the maximum amount of results.”

In other words, there’s no prize for having
the most pages on your site. You win by having pages that all make an impact.

That’s why you should regularly audit your
content.

After you’ve completed this online content
analysis once, you’ll have the database available to work from again and again.
All you’ll need to do is update it and then run through the rest of the
sequence above.

Over time, your website will generate better and better results as each audit raises the bar further. You’ll also find it influences the very approach your team takes to creating content in the first place, meaning less pruning is necessary to keep your site headed in the right direction.

Online content analysis goes easy with Buzzsumo’s Content Insights. Get to know which social networks, content type, and even publication days bring you the best results. Know more about this feature.

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